Emblem or coat of arms
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Coat of arms : the word comes from the crush of arms and includes both the shield, both its exterior ornaments; is used by individuals, families, companies, organizations, clergy, for correspondence, for institutional reasons, commercial, of publici and private documents, and is depicted on brooches, rings, seals and stamps, plates and glasses, furniture, silver, cards letters, paintings, hats, and other personal items. It needs to identify those who use it.

Badge : consisting of a symbol or a set of symbols usually encased in a belt (in English garter). In Scotland is used by members of a clan, and so can be used within a family or a group of people (associations, companies, institutions, etc).

Crest: is used instead of the emblem because it easier to represent and more immediate; usually we use the same crest that sits above the helmet or the shield, but you can also freely adopt a crest itself.

Insignia: it is a sign or emblem of authority, especially governmental, or military unit, an ethnic group or family; or is a symbol that indicates a function, a rank, a rank or belonging to a clan. It can also indicate the important heraldic figure of a coat of arms.

Motto: this is mostly connected to the emblem, but can also be used alone. Usually it consists of one, two or three words, because you have to synthesize and esperimere a concept, an ideal, or a specific event, but sometimes there are mottos longer.

Rebus: it is the allusive representation of a name or a person, most often understandable only to the person in question or to a small group of people able to decipher the drawing. It is used as a coat of arms, which can also esserene part (talking coats of arms).

Enterprise: it can act as canting arms, alluding, symbolic or allegorical, or be the main figure of a coat of arms representing a family, a state, a lady, a prelate, a company conceived or accomplished or otherwise. It can also be without a shield and once together with a motto or legend. Essentially these are phrases or figures (or both) that express more or less clearly (often allegorical) a concept, a thought or some judgment. They can be costitutite by only letters , only words , entire sentences , sun figures and figures and words (or letters) .

Emblem: symbolic figure with or without a motto

Monogram: is a single graphic symbol obtained by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes.

Ex Libris: it is usually a small print or decorative weapon family crest embossed on a book to indicate the owner. The bookplates may contain the coat of arms, the name, crest, badge and motto of the owner.

Seal: is a trademark intended to guarantee the authenticity of a document and make explicit its possible disclosure or its alteration. With the same term also indicates the matrix, generally of metal or stone, on whose surface are engraved symbols or initials, from which we get the impression. It represents the initial, the weapon or the coat of arms of the owner.

Flag: Used only to depict the weapon or the emblem of a sovereign, a country, a family, an organization, a church, a military body or a corporation. If this is exposed on the roof of a house, villa, castle or mansion used to identify the owner, while if exposed elsewhere serves to indicate that the owner is present. It can be straight from an animal (support) and the best shape is rectangular or square.

Banner: is a vertical flag which depicts the gun owner. In Italy it is mainly used by municipalities, provinces, regions and other bodies, but also by the Church during the processions.

Flagpole: Strictly speaking pennant is a small, narrow, triangular in which the owner of the weapon is placed along with the color of the house. More precisely, it is used as a flag for signaling in fishing area.

Banner: it is usually a small square flag on a long pole used by both military bodies, from heads of state, but especially by clan leaders or heads of families. But it can also be of another form.

Pennant: 1) a long flag similar to the standard, but rounded to the swing cut or dovetail. Originally used in the Cavalry. today it is only used in the Navy, which teaches the command in different forms. In Scotland it is assigned to landowners with a certain following: The inner part is represented the crest or the owner's badge and end the motto arranged horizontally; 2) triangle with two points now supplied to certain military bodies, but also to sports clubs.

Pinsel: It is a small triangular flag granted by the Lord Lyon sozia only to the leaders of a clan or the baronial captains to denote a person to whom the cpo has delegated authority to act in his absence in a particular situation. The vanes is long about a meter and a half high and 60 cm background with the main color of the clan chief livery. So its crest is represented within a narrow strap by a buckle with the motto around; the whole is inserted inside a circle where it is reported the title of the clan leader. Above all there is the crown of rank or baronial hat. On the tail of the flag there is the plant badge and a scroll bearing the motto of the family.

Livery pennon: it is a simple triangular flag that bears the main colors of the family and sometimes the main emblem.

Decoration: Cross insignia, medal, cross, rosette, ribbon, rosette or other sign that is delivered as a result of conferring an honor, a knightly order, a system of rewards, special recognition or membership in an association.

Icon: sacred image, alone or accompanied by other symbols.

Tartan: is a particular design of the woolen fabrics of the Scottish Highlands. The kilt, the traditional Scottish kilt is made of tartan.
This design is obtained with yarns of different colors that are repeated with a defined pattern, the same both in the warp and in the weft. In addition to the clan tartans there are many other categories tartan used by families, districts, institutions and also to commemorate special events.

Livery: for livery means the dress or uniform worn by kings, heads of state, military, judges, members of knightly orders, or other associations and those worn by the servants of a family. The composition of a livery has very specific rules depending on the colors of the emblem in question.

Chivalric order: institution founded by kings, popes, states or dynasties.

Heraldic Statute: document in which you list the emblems of a family, the brisure, the uses of the same and the various recordings of the emblems.

* For the complete list and illustrated emblems and means of distinction that can be recorded on RAI please refer to the Guide to the heraldic emblems of the Italian Heraldic Registry.

Italian Armorial register


by Studio Araldico Pasquini


rolled in the Expert section of the Chamber of Commerce of Chieti, Heraldry and genealogy entries.

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